Pregnancy is a glorious phase in a woman’s life and every woman should enjoy this most beautiful experience. However, a pregnant woman needs to watch out for some common ups and downs during pregnancy. Vaginal bleeding during the early part of pregnancy (first trimester) is common. It should not cause any worry, as it is a fairly common occurrence in about 20% of women. However, it is important to know the possible causes if bleeding occurs during second or third trimesters, as it can possibly be a sign of some serious underlying condition. Although it is not worrisome if you experience bleeding during the early part of pregnancy, knowing the causes will help you relax a lot more.
What causes bleeding during the first trimester?
The following are the possible causes of bleeding during the first trimester:
- Miscarriage: This is the most common bleeding during the first However, this bleeding does not necessarily mean that you are going to miscarry. If this type of bleeding occurs, doctors usually order an ultrasound to check the heartbeat of the fetus.
- Egg implantation: This occurs when the fertilized egg implants itself in the lining of the uterus. Usually, this bleeding is very light and can last from a few hours to a few days.
- Ectopic pregnancy: Bleeding occurs when the fertilized embryo implants outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube, causing ectopic pregnancy.
- Molar pregnancy: Bleeding occurs when abnormal tissue grows inside the uterus instead of an embryo. This condition occurs rarely.
- Infection: Bleeding can occur due to some type of infection in the pelvic cavity or urinary tract.
- Cervical changes: Extra blood flows to the cervix during pregnancy. Bleeding occurs if anything is introduced into the vaginal area, such as douche, sexual intercourse, or Pap test.
Although bleeding in early part of the pregnancy is fairly normal and not worrisome, your OB/GYN will advise and treat you appropriately.
What to do if you are bleeding during pregnancy?
- Wear a pad or a panty liner to help you monitor how much and what type of bleeding you are experiencing.
- Don’t wear a tampon or introduce anything else into the vaginal area, such as douche or sexual intercourse. Also, avoid Pap test at the time of bleeding.
- If bleeding persists, contact your OB/GYN immediately.
If bleeding occurs during late pregnancy (second and third trimesters), consult your OB/GYN immediately, as it can be caused by a number of potential reasons.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.